Oracle Database 11g: Program with PL/SQL

This course is already delivered, please contact us for the next available session tel:+357 22 44 14 92
Course Outline in PDF


This course will show students how to properly use programming language to normalize their company’s databases and data. By learning the correct methodologies and techniques students will be able to develop application in a structured framework and as a result the performance of the applications and reports will improve. The main tool for the labs is Oracle SQL Developer.

Who Should Attend:

This course is intended for:
•Data Warehouse Administrators
•Form Developers
•Portal Developers
•System Analysts
•Application Developers
•PL/SQL Developer
•Technical Consaltant

At Course Completion:

After completing this course, students will be able to:                           
 ∙Manage dependencies between PL/SQL subprograms
∙Use conditional compilation to customize the functionality in a PL/SQL application without removing any source code.
∙Create and use stored procedures and functions
∙Design and use PL/SQL packages to group and contain related constructs
∙Create overloaded package subprograms for more flexibility
∙Use the Oracle supplied PL/SQL packages to generate screen output, file output, and mail output
∙Write dynamic SQL for more coding flexibility
Describe the features and syntax of PL/SQL
∙Describe stored procedures and functions
∙Create triggers to solve business challenges
∙Design PL/SQL anonymous block that execute efficiently

Module 1:  Introduction

•Course Objectives
•Course Agenda
•Describing the Human Resources (HR) Schema
•PL/SQL development environments Available in this course
•Introduction to SQL Developer

Module 2: Introduction to PL/SQL

•PL/SQL Overview
•Benefits of PL/SQL Subprograms
•Overview of the Types of PL/SQL blocks
•Creating and Executing a Simple Anonymous Block
•Generating Output from a PL/SQL Block

Module 3: Declaring PL/SQL Identifiers

•Different Types of Identifiers in a PL/SQL subprogram
•Using the Declarative Section to Define Identifiers
•Storing Data in Variables
•Scalar Data Types
•Bind Variables
•Using Sequences in PL/SQL Expressions

Module 4: Writing Executable Statements

•Describing Basic PL/SQL Block Syntax Guidelines
•Commending code
•SQL Functions in PL/SQL
•Data Type conversion
•Nested Blocks
•Operators in PL/SQL

Module 5: Interacting with the Oracle Server

•Including SELECT Statements in PL/SQL to Retrieve data
•Manipulating Data in the Server Using PL/SQL
•The SQL Cursor concept
•Using SQL Cursor Attributes to Obtain Feedback on DML
•Saving and Discarding Transactions

Module 6: Writing Control Structures

•Conditional processing Using IF Statements
•Conditional processing Using CASE Statements
•Simple Loop Statement
•While Loop Statement
•For Loop Statement
•The continue statement

Module7: Working with Composite Data Types

•Using PL/SQL Records
•Using the %ROWTYPE Attribute
•Inserting and Updating with PL/SQL Records
•Index by tables
•Index by table methods
•Index by table of records

Module 8: Using Explicit Cursors

•Understanding Explicit Cursors
•Declaring the cursor
•Opening the crusor
•Fetching data from the Cursor
•Closing the crusor
•Cursor FOR loop
•Explicit Cursor Attributes

Module 9: Handling Exceptions

•Understanding Exceptions
•Handling Exceptions with PL/SQL
•Trapping Predefined Oracle Server Errors
•Trapping Non-Predefined Oracle Server Errors
•Trapping User-Defined Exceptions
•Propagate Exceptions

Module 10: Creating Stored Procedures

•Creating a Modularize and Layered Subprogram Design
•Modularizing Development With PL/SQL Blocks
•Understanding the PL/SQL Execution Environment
•The Benefits of Using PL/SQL Subprograms
•The Differences Between Anonymous Blocks and Subprograms
•Creating, Calling, and Removing Stored Procedures Using the CREATE Command and SQL Developer
•Using Procedures Parameters and Parameters Modes
•Viewing Procedures Information Using the Data Dictionary Views and SQL Developer    

Module 11: Creating Stored Functions

•Creating, Calling, and Removing a Stored Function Using the CREATE Command and SQL Developer
•Identifying the Advantages of Using Stored Functions in SQL Statements
•Identify the steps to create a stored function
•Using User-Defined Functions in SQL Statements
•Restrictions When Calling Functions from SQL statements
•Controlling Side Effects When Calling Functions from SQL Expressions
•Viewing Functions Information

Module 12: Creating Packages

•Listing the Advantages of Packages
•Describing Packages
•The Components of a Package
•Developing a Package
•The Visibility of a Package’s Components
•Creating the Package Specification and Body Using the SQL CREATE Statement and SQL Developer
•Invoking the Package Constructs
•Viewing the PL/SQL Source Code Using the Data Dictionary
Module 13: Working With Packages

•Overloading Subprograms in PL/SQL
•Using the STANDARD Package
•Using Forward Declarations to Solve Illegal Procedure Reference
•Using Package Functions in SQL and Restrictions
•Persistent State of Packages
•Persistent State of a Package Cursor
•Controlling Side Effects of PL/SQL Subprograms
•Using PL/SQL Tables of Records in Packages

Module 14: Using Oracle-Supplied Packages in Application Development

•Examples of Some of the Oracle-Supplied Packages
•Using Oracle-Supplied Packages
•How Does the DBMS_OUTPUT Package Work?
•Using the UTL_FILE Package to Interact With Operating System Files
•Using the UTL_MAIL Package
•Using the UTL_MAIL Subprograms    

Module 15: Using Dynamic SQL

•The Execution Flow of SQL
•What is Dynamic SQL?
•Declaring Cursor Variables
•Dynamically Executing a PL/SQL Block
•Using Native Dynamic SQL to Compile PL/SQL Code
•Using DBMS_SQL Package
•Using DBMS_SQL with a Parameterized DML Statement
•Dynamic SQL Functional Completeness    

Module 16: Design Considerations for PL/SQL Code

•Standardizing Constants and Exceptions
•Using Local Subprograms
•Using Autonomous Transactions
•Using the NOCOPY Compiler Hint
•Using the Cross-Session PL/SQL Function Result Cache
•Using the DETERMINISTIC Clause with Functions
•Using Bulk Binding to Improve Performance    

Module 17: Creating Triggers

•Working With Triggers
•Identifying the Trigger Event Types and Body
•Business Application Scenarios for Implementing Triggers
•Creating DML Triggers Using the CREATE TRIGGER Statement and SQL Developer
•Identifying the Trigger Event Types, Body, and Firing (Timing)
•Statement Level Triggers Versus Row Level Triggers
•Creating Instead of and Disabled Triggers
•Managing, Testing, and Removing Triggers

Module 18: Creating Compound, DDL, and Event Database Triggers

•Working With Compound Triggers
•Identifying the Timing-Point Sections of a Table Compound Trigger
•Compound Trigger Structure for Tables and Views
•Using a Compound Trigger to Resolve the Mutating Table Error
•Comparing Database Triggers to Stored Procedures
•Creating Triggers on DDL Statements
•Creating Database-Event and System-Events Triggers
•System Privileges Required to Manage Triggers

Module 19: Using the PL/SQL Compiler

•Using the PL/SQL Compiler
•Using the Initialization Parameters for PL/SQL Compilation
•Using the New PL/SQL Compile Time Warnings
•Overview of PL/SQL Compile Time Warnings for Subprograms
•The Benefits of Compiler Warnings
•The PL/SQL Compile Time Warning Messages Categories
•Setting the Warning Messages Levels: Using SQL Developer, PLSQL_WARNINGS Initialization Parameter, and the DBMS_WARNING Package Subprograms
•Viewing the Compiler Warnings: Using SQL Developer, SQL*Plus, or the Data Dictionary Views

Module 20: Managing PL/SQL Code

•What Is Conditional Compilation and How Does it Work?
•Using Selection Directives
•Using Predefined and User-Defined Inquiry Directives
•The PLSQL_CCFLAGS Parameter and the Inquiry Directive
•Using Conditional Compilation Error Directives to Raise User-Defined Errors
•Using the DBMS_DB_VERSION Package
•Using DBMS_PREPROCESSOR Procedures to Print or Retrieve Source Text
•Obfuscating and Wrapping PL/SQL Code

Module 21: Managing Dependencies

•Overview of Schema Object Dependencies
•Querying Direct Object Dependencies Using the USER_DEPENDENCIES View
•Querying an Object’s Status
•Invalidation of Dependent Objects
•Displaying Direct and Indirect Dependencies
•Fine-Grained Dependency Management in Oracle Database 11g
•Understanding Remote Dependencies
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